Newfoundland & Its Seafood

Why Newfoundland Lobsters Are The Best Lobsters In The World

As you buy seafood online, there are some important facts you should note. Newfoundland lobster is unique from the lobster that you will find anywhere else in North America. Our Canadian Atlantic lobsters are harvested from waters further north than other lobster harvest areas in North America. Being further north makes our waters colder and our isolation as an island in the North Atlantic makes our waters clean and pure.
 
For these reasons, Newfoundland lobster tastes sweeter and yields more meat than lobsters from other areas. Best of the Sea Fish Market LTD takes pride in being able to deliver this superior product to you either in person at one of our Newfoundland locations or for your to purchase online.
 
 

Watch this video about Newfoundland Lobster to learn more. The story of Newfoundland’s lobster fishery as told by the Fish, Food and Allied Worker’s Union.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

About Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland & Labrador is the most easterly province in Canada. The island portion of the province is Newfoundland, which is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean. The mainland portion of the province is Labrador, located northwest of the island, and bordered to its west by Quebec. The island of Newfoundland is the most easterly landmass in all of North America. The combined area of Newfoundland & Labrador is 405,212 square kilometers or 156,500 square miles. The island of Newfoundland is the 16th largest island in the world having an area of 108,860 square kilometers or 42,031 square miles. If Newfoundland & Labrador was a USA state, it would rank fourth in size behind Alaska, Texas and California.

Newfoundland’s name is derived from the Portuguese name of Terra Nova, meaning “New Found Land” in English. Labrador’s name is derived from a Portuguese navigator by the name of João Fernandes Lavrador who explored the area.

Newfoundland has been explored for over a 1000 years. The earliest confirmed European exploration of the island dates back to around the year 1000 when the Vikings explored the northern tip of Newfoundland. Remnants of the Viking settlement at L’Anse aux Meadows make it the only confirmed Norse site in all of North America giving it the status of being a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Fish So Good, Europeans crossed the Atlantic to get it!

Dating back to the 16th century, the historic waters of Newfoundland have provided some of the best fishing in the world. Fishermen from the UK, Spain, Portugal and France all came to fish the waters of Newfoundland.

Newfoundland was a colony and dominion of the UK until it joined Canada in 1949, making it Britain’s longest serving colony and the youngest Canadian province.

The population of Newfoundland and Labrador is around 500,000 with the capital city of St. John’s having the densest population at nearly 180,000 for the metropolitan area. The population of Labrador is only around 30,000 people.

 
 
 

Interesting Facts about Newfoundland:

• The first people to occupy Newfoundland were the Beothuk (now extinct) who hunted caribou and fished.
• Newfoundland’s nickname is “The Rock” (since the island is essentially a large rock in the North Atlantic ocean).
• There are a lot of moose in Newfoundland. Moose are not native to the island but were introduced in 1878 and again in 1904. From only 4 moose that were brought here from the mainland of Canada, the number of moose has exploded to be somewhere around a population of 150,000. Visitors should exercise extreme caution when driving at dusk or dawn, and should be alert at any time of the day as moose can come onto the highways at any time.
• According to Maclean’s magazine, Newfoundland & Labrador has one of the top 10 friendliest cultures in the world.
• Newfoundland has more pubs per square foot than any other place in Canada.
• There are no crickets, porcupines, skunks, snakes or deer in Newfoundland.
• The capital city of St. John’s is the oldest city in all of North America.
• Both Newfoundland and Labrador have dog breeds named after them.
• The most eastern point in North America is Cape Spear, located just outside the capital city of St. John’s.
• Newfoundland has its own time zone, which is 30 minutes ahead of Atlantic Standard Time.
 
• There are more varieties of the English language in Newfoundland and Labrador than anywhere else in the world. Accents are influenced by Western England, and Southern Ireland with French and Aboriginal influences also. Our language is so distinctive that we have our very own dictionary.
• There is 17,540 kilometers or 10,900 miles of coastline in Newfoundland. Including the coastline along Labrador increases those numbers to 29,000 kilometers or 18,000 miles.
• Newfoundland has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: L’Anse aux Meadows and Gros Morne National Park.
• The islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon about 20 kilometers (12 miles) off the south coast of Newfoundland are territories of France. So while visiting Newfoundland, you can make a short trip to France! It takes 1.5 hours by ferry.
• There are 1000s of tiny islands located around Newfoundland.
• Newfoundland was the first to respond to the Titanic’s distress signal.
• Newfoundland hosted more than 40 pioneering transatlantic flights between 1919 and 1937. Of those flights some famous pilots that were hosted include Amelia Earhart, Charles and Anne Lindbergh, Wiley Post and Harold Gatty.
• On December 12, 1901 the very first transatlantic wireless transmission was received at Signal Hill in St. John’s.
• Newfoundland has more than 130 fishing/hunting lodges and camps.
• There are 176 rivers in Newfoundland where Atlantic salmon can be caught by rod and reel.
• Newfoundland is home to more than 20 species of whales and dolphins.
• Newfoundland is midway between Italy and British Columbia, Canada.
• On September 11, 2001, 39 aircraft were diverted to the airport in Gander, Newfoundland. From those aircraft, more than 6600 people were taken into people’s homes for up to 3 days until the airspace was reopened. Today, those treated with such good hospitality have returned to visit acquaintances made during that dark day in history.

Planning a trip to Newfoundland? Check out these hot spots during your visit.

 
 

A beautiful video about Newfoundland and Labrador. “Find Yourself, Newfoundland and Labrador”

 
 

Interesting Facts About Lobster and Seafood
Did you know?

Interesting Atlantic Lobster Facts:

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• Lobsters can grow to be as big as 4ft in length, 40+ pounds in weight and can possibly live to be 100 years old or more!
• Lobsters shed their shells to grow in a process called molting. Young lobsters molt every few months and adult lobsters molt about once per year and once every 2-3 years as they get older.
• Lobsters seem to never stop growing. Crabs will reach a maximum carapace size and stop growing but lobsters continue to molt, growing larger each time they shed their shell.
• The organs of lobsters do not degenerate, as they grow old. They do not get weak and they actually become more fertile in their old age. Some scientists believe that their longevity is only restricted by predation.
• Lobsters grow faster in warmer waters and in areas where water temperature is constant throughout the year.
• The minimum carapace length of an Atlantic lobster for legal harvesting is 3.25 inches.
• It takes a lobster in the cold waters of Newfoundland 6 to 8 years to reach the minimum size for harvesting.
• Some of the predators of lobster include man, groundfish such as cod and flounder, seals and crabs.
• Atlantic lobsters do not feel pain when they are placed in boiling water due to their decentralized nervous system.
• Just as humans can be right-handed or left-handed, lobsters can be right-clawed or left-clawed. Some lobsters have their crusher claw on their left side while others have it on their right side.
• Lobsters have teeth but instead of being located inside the mouth they are located inside the stomach!
• You can put a lobster to sleep by inverting it on its back for a few minutes.
• Lobsters are able to regenerate appendages that are lost due to predation. This may include claws, antennas and legs.
• You can determine the gender of a lobster by looking at the swimmerets on the underside of the tail section. These are feathery appendages that help the lobster swim and they are also how the female lobster carries her eggs. Examine the swimmerets to determine the gender. For a female lobster, the first pair of swimmerets near the body of the lobster is soft to touch. For the male, however, these will be hard and bony to touch.
• The largest Atlantic lobster ever caught was reported to weigh over 44lbs and was believed to be about 65 years old. It was caught in Nova Scotia, Canada.


Interesting Atlantic Snow Crab Facts:

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• Only male snow crabs are harvested. It is illegal to harvest female snow crabs. This helps to ensure sustainability of the industry.
• Some of the predators of snow crab include man, groundfish, seals and other snow crabs. Yes, snow crabs are cannibals!
• Snow crabs are usually found on muddy or sandy bottoms that are soft. When they feel threatened by a predator, they burrow into the mud or sand for protection.
• Canada is the largest producer of snow crab in the world, supplying approximately 2/3 of the world’s supply. The largest market for this resource is the USA with strong demands for the product also existing in China and Japan.
• In order to grow, snow crabs shed their shells in a process called molting.
• The life span of a snow crab is generally 14-16 years.
• The minimum carapace width of a male snow crab that can be legally harvested is 9.5cm.
• It usually takes between 7 and 9 years for a male snow crab to reach the minimum size restriction for harvesting.
• Male snow crabs grow one claw that is larger. This is how male snow crabs attract female snow crabs.
• A female snow crab is selective of the male snow crab that she will mate with and some will even lose their life fighting to resist a particular mate!
• Snow crabs have circulatory fluid that is blue in colour.
 
 

Interesting Atlantic Codfish Facts:

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• Codfish use a natural form of antifreeze to maintain body temperature in the cold waters where they live.
• The sharply pointed teeth of codfish enable them to eat almost any kind of fish or shellfish.
• Codfish can grow to be as large as 150 to 200lbs and can live for as long as 15 years. The average weight of a codfish is between 10 and 25lbs.
• A postmortem examination of a cod’s skull can indicate its age by looking at the growth rings on the skull. This is the same concept as counting the rings on a tree to determine its age.
• Cod swim with their mouths open and will eat anything that comes at them including young cod.
• It is believed that codfish have been around as a species for 120 million years.
• It is believed by some that a codfish surviving to be one year old has virtually no predators from then onward other than man.
• Three million eggs can be produced from a spawning female cod that is about a meter in length.
• Cod are cannibals and will eat other codfish.
• In the early 16th century, fishermen were traveling from England, France, Spain and Portugal to fish for cod in Newfoundland.
• After John Cabot visited Newfoundland in 1497, it was reported that the waters of Newfoundland were so full of cod that they could be taken using fishing baskets. Around the year 1600, English fishermen reported that the cod were so thick near the shore that they could hardly row a boat through them.
• The Grand Banks of Newfoundland was once one of the richest cod fishing grounds in the world.
• Overfishing of cod in the waters of Newfoundland caused a moratorium to be imposed in 1992 so as to prevent total collapse of the codfish stocks.


Interesting Atlantic Halibut Facts:

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• Female halibut grow to be larger than male halibut. An average sized halibut will be 2-4 feet in length and will weigh between 30 and 60lbs.
• Halibut can grow to be as large as 15ft in length and weigh up to 700lbs.
• Halibut have both eyes on the right side of their head and swim with their eyes facing up toward the surface.
• The life span of a halibut can reach 50 years but is 25-30 years on average.
• Halibut are great swimmers and are able to travel long distances. A tagged halibut was once recorded to have traveled 2500kms from the area where it was tagged.
• Despite being able to travel long distances Halibut generally like to reside in the area where they were born.
• The size of a halibut is not age-specific but is based on the availability of food.
• Halibut is the largest flat fish in the Atlantic and one of the largest flat fish in the world.
• The main predator of Halibut is man. Seals, sharks and killer whales are other predators but the fact that they have powerful tails and are great swimmers often allows them to escape such threats.
• Female halibut do not begin to spawn until sometime between the ages of 10 and 14 years. Older and larger females can lay as many as several million eggs during the spawning season.
• Male halibut reach sexual maturity at around 8-10 years of age.